Anyway, the Finnish Lapphunds were first used by the Sami people to herd reindeer. In fact, the Sami people still use lapphunds sometimes to do this, but they now also use snowmobiles and Lapponian Herders, which is a dog breed with shorter hair than the lapphunds. The Sami people live way up north, above the Arctic Circle, in a place called Lapland, and it is really cold there, especially in the winter. So that is why they needed a dog who had a nice thick coat, and who didn't mind being outside in the snow all day.
Lapphunds are medium-sized dogs. The males are 18 to 20 inches tall at the shoulder, and the females are 16 to 19 inches tall. A male usually weighs between 37 and 42 pounds, and a female weighs 33 to 53 pounds.
The most common colors for Finnish Lapphunds are white, black, red, brown, sable, and wolf-sable. Any color is actually okay, but the dog should be mostly all that color. Like, for instance, you would not see a spotted lapphund. Lots of lapphunds have interesting markings on their faces. One of these markings is called "spectacles" because it is a ring of light-colored hair around the eyes.
This breed is usually healthy, and they live to be 12 or 14 years old. Sometimes they even get to be 16 or 17, especially in Finland. The main medical problems they have are progressive retinal atrophy and hereditary cataracts.