The word chandler started being used in Middle English sometime between 1275 and 1325. It came from the Old French chandelier, which meant somebody or something connected with candles.
After a while, a chandler became anybody who sold supplies or provisions. Sometimes these supplies were of a special kind. For example, a ship's chandler sold sails and ropes and other things that sailing ships needed.
|Woman Crying II|
by Fernando Botero
This word came from the Latin lacrimosus, and it's been used in English since at least 1655. Nowadays, lachrymose people can take antidepressants to help them feel better, but in the old days, they couldn't do that, so the next best thing was to have a dog who could understand and sympathize when a person felt sad.
Researchers Bear and Thomas wrote an article for the journal Nature, and they explained why there is a special smell when the first rain happens. They said that certain plants put out an oil during dry weather, and the oil soaks into clay soil and rocks. Then the oil is released when it rains, along with a compound called geosmin, and so the wet soil has that special smell that the researchers named petrichor.
Later on, in 1965, these same two scientists wrote another paper that explained the reason why the plants made the oil when the weather was dry. And the reason is that the oil keeps seeds from sprouting until there is more water to help them grow.
Frankly, I don't care about all this science stuff. I just like the way everything smells when it rains. Except that it's also a warning to me not to go outside because I might get my feet wet. Luckily, since I have such a fine doggy nose, I can enjoy the scent of petrichor from inside the house, where I can stay nice and dry.
In Japan, there is a tradition of obedience that is mostly the opposite of being contumacious. So when all of these young white-collar workers are asked by their companies to put in tons of extra hours of hard work, they do it. Until one day they suddenly drop dead from a heart attack or a stroke. Another term for this is Salaryman's Sudden Death Syndrome.
I think it is a very bad thing that karoshi is happening to all those nice Japanese workers. If I were over there in Japan, I would bite all the bosses on the ankle and tell them to let their employees have more vacations and make them work less overtime. That way the workers can spend more time at home, playing with their dogs and their kids, and they won't feel so stressed.
The word yuputka comes from the Ulwa language. I had never heard of this language, so I did some research, and I found out that it is part of a family of languages spoken by native people on the east coast of Nicaragua. Maybe they have a lot of spooky rain forests there, and that is why they are always feeling like something is crawling on them.